Press Release: Ice cave reveals environmental forcing of long-term Pyrenean treeline dynamics

Pyrenean Institute of Ecology (IPE-CSIC) press release.  An international research group led by the Pyrenean Institute of Ecology (IPE-CSIC) in collaboration with the University of Zaragoza, Aberystwyth University (UK) and Bern Universität (Switzerland) have reconstructed long-term treeline dynamics from the Central Pyrenees for the first time. The results, published in Journal of Ecology, demonstrate that…

Press release: Study uses herbarium samples to understand link between climate change and insect herbivory

Harvard University press release A first-of-its-kind study used herbarium specimens to track insect herbivory across more than a century, and found that, across four species – shagbark hickory (Carya ovata), swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor), showy tick trefoil (Desmodium canadense) and wild lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) – specimens collected in the early 2000s were 23%…

Press release: Mangrove expansion and climatic warming may help coastal ecosystems keep pace with sea level rise

Villanova University press release Sea level rise and extreme weather events have become harsh realities for those living along the world’s coasts. The record-breaking hurricanes of the past decade in the United States have led to staggering tolls on coastal infrastructure and communities, leading many local governments to consider the benefits of natural coastal barriers.…

Kelp forests function differently in warming ocean

Marine Biological Association press release Kelp forests in the UK and the wider North-East Atlantic will experience a marked change in ecosystem functioning in response to continued ocean warming and the increase of warm-water kelp species, according to a new study led by a team from the Marine Biological Association and the University of Plymouth.…

Green sea turtle digging its own watery grave due to invasion of non-native seagrass

Wageningen University & Research press release A seagrass species from the Red Sea is outcompeting the native seagrass species in the Caribbean, where the green sea turtle lives. These iconic turtles are seeing their grazing areas decline, because they have little interest in the foreign seagrass. Wageningen researchers and colleagues from other research institutions discovered…

Press release: What it takes to become a tree in the Serengeti

The Serengeti is ground-zero for nature’s struggle between life and death (consider, for instance, wildebeest versus lions). A new study in Journal of Ecology follows the early life struggles of one of Serengeti’s lesser known, but widely occurring, organisms: Acacia trees. The research focuses on a long-standing ecological puzzle: what prevents savannahs from turning into…

Tropical peat swamps: Restoration of endangered carbon reservoirs

University of Göttingen press release According to current knowledge, the land biosphere absorbs 30% of the CO2 produced by humans and thus contributes significantly to reducing global warming. Tropical peat swamp forests are among the most important terrestrial carbon reservoirs, but they are increasingly being cleared. Data on their regenerative capacity have so far been…

Press Release: NAU researchers quantify nutritional value of soil fungi to the Serengeti food web

Northern Arizona University press release – written by Kerry Bennett (Office of the Vice President for Research) The complex Serengeti ecosystem, which spans 12,000 square miles extending from northern Tanzania into southwestern Kenya, is home to millions of animals, including 70 species of large mammals. It is a hotspot for mammal diversity—including herbivores such as wildebeest,…